Sea Machines Signs $3M Contract with Defense Department for Autonomous Supply Stations

Multiphase contract will result in full-scale, oceangoing VTOL platforms to enable autonomous logistics.

Sea Machines

Sea Machines concept of autonomous VTOL replenishment vessels.

Sea Machines Robotics Inc., which develops autonomous command-and-control and advanced perception systems for marine industries, today announced that it has advanced its multi-year other transaction (OT) agreement with the U.S. Department of Defense’s Defense Innovation Unit. Phase 2 of the multi-phase contract delegates $3.1 million to the deployment of a full-scale, oceangoing replenishment platform. 

“As a leading developer of autonomous control systems, Sea Machines is bringing innovation and modern design to the DoD,” said a Sea Machines representative. “The extension of our contract represents the intersection of traditional sectors, such as government, and the capabilities of autonomous technology. Our extended contract represents the confidence the DoD has in our technology and ability to deliver.”

The Boston-based company was founded in 2015 and builds autonomous vessel software and systems. They are intended to increase the safety, efficiency, and performance of ships, workboats, and commercial passenger vessels.

Sea Machines builds autonomy kits

The Defense Innovation Unit (DIU) enlisted Sea Machines to engineer, build, and demonstrate ready-to-deploy system kits to transform existing commercial barges to platforms capable of landing and replenishing military vertical takeoff and landing (VTOL) aircraft.

The kits being prototyped will include Sea Machines’ SM300 autonomous control systems and a perception suite with advanced computer vision. Each modular kit will meet U.S. Navy criteria and will comply with classifications and regulations from the DoD’s aviation bodies.

“We are working with NAVAIR and multiple DoD laboratories to ensure the kit meets select criteria for safety standards,” said Philip Bourque, head of business development at Sea Machines. 

In October 2020, a proof-of-concept demonstration showed that the kit could enable a barge to host and distribute fuel, he said. In addition, rotary-wing aircraft could land on the remotely monitored and operated barge. The company is now transitioning to the design and trial stage. 

“We proved the viability, and Phase 2 is focused on engineering of an operational kit and supplying key elements which will be used in Phase 3,” Bourque told Robotics 24/7.

Barges to provide naval agility

The project's goal is to successfully deploy the Sea Machines autonomous command-and-control kit on multiple barges. This will increase the U.S. military's agility in deploying and replenishing assets around the world, according to Sea Machines.

“This kit provides new solutions for logistics challenges within the DoD,” said Bourque. “Having a self-propelled and autonomous-capable barge for logistics purposes makes other support vessels and high-value assets available for other tasks.”

“This program is a perfect example of autonomous technology opening up new operational capabilities and leveraging new technology for operational advantages,” said the company. “Sea Machines is an independent U.S.-made startup providing real-world, high-tech solutions to the U.S. Department of Defense and competing alongside and with the multi-billion legacy defense contractors.”

Assisting Sea Machines in the project is FOSS Maritime Co., a maritime transportation and logistics provider based in Seattle. FOSS is responsible for providing the naval architecture, support engineering, and operations management to outfit a remotely commanded deck barge to land helicopters and host a scaled fueling station for aircraft, surface vessels, and shore replenishment. 

“Sea Machines is leveraging support from multiple SMEs [small and midsize enterprises] for this project, including Huntington Ingalls and Bell Flight [a subsidiary of Textron Inc.],” Bourque said. “Both of these teammates have extensive experience with the design, requirements, and best practices for flight-deck operations.”

What is the next milestone for this project? “The culmination of Task 2 will be to field the kit with live fuel and several rotary-wing aircraft,” replied Bourque. “The government will be making its next evaluations of the kit in Spring ‘22.”

About the Author

Eugene Demaitre's avatar
Eugene Demaitre

Eugene Demaitre is editorial director of Robotics 24/7. Prior to joining Peerless Media, he was a senior editor at Robotics Business Review and The Robot Report. Demaitre has also worked for BNA (now part of Bloomberg), Computerworld, and TechTarget. He has participated in numerous robotics-related webinars, podcasts, and events worldwide.

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Sea Machines

Sea Machines concept of autonomous VTOL replenishment vessels.


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