Lockheed Martin VISTA Plane Used AI to Fly for More Than 17 Hours

Lockheed Martin partnered with Calspan Corp. to develop the technology.

Lockheed Martin

THe VISTA X-62A is a modifed F-16D Block 30 Peace Marble Il aircraft.
THe VISTA airplane is being used to help Lockheed Martin develop autonomy features powered by artificial intelligence.

Lockheed Martin recently announced that its VISTA X-62A aircraft was flown by “an artificial agent for more than 17 hours.” The plane was developed as part of Lockheed Martin’s Visual Interactive Simulation Training Application, or VISTA. The 17-plus hour flight by an AI agent took place as part of a series of tests in December.

Lockheed Martin Skunk Works developed VISTA in partnership with Calspan Corp. for the US Air Force Test Pilot School at the Edwards Air Force Base in California. It said the testing plane has been “fitted with software that allows it to mimic the performance characteristics of other aircrafts.”

The plane is a modified F-16D Block 30 Peace Marble Il aircraft upgraded with Block 40 avionics. Previously designated NF-16D, in June 2021 VISTA was recognized by the U.S. Air Force and deemed a national asset with a formal redesignation to VISTA X-62A.

Recent upgrades enable more autonomy options 

Recent upgrades by the U.S. Air Force include an updated VISTA Simulation System (VSS) provided by Calspan, and Lockheed Martin's Model Following Algorithm (MFA), and System for Autonomous Control of the Simulation (SACS).

The SACS and MFA systems integrated together provide new capabilities to the VISTA so it can be used to conduct the most advanced flight test experiments emphasizing autonomy and AI, the company said.

“VISTA will allow us to parallelize the development and test of cutting-edge artificial intelligence techniques with new uncrewed vehicle designs,” said Dr. M. Christopher Cotting, U.S. Air Force Test Pilot School director of research, in a statement. “This approach, combined with focused testing on new vehicle systems as they are produced, will rapidly mature autonomy for uncrewed platforms and allow us to deliver tactically relevant capability to our warfighter.”

This new mission system capability with VSS, MFA and SACS emphasizes advancing autonomous aircraft algorithm development and integration. At the heart of SACS system is the Skunk Works Enterprise-wide Open Systems Architecture (E-OSA) which powers the Enterprise Mission Computer version 2 (EMC2) or “Einstein Box.”

Lockheed Martin has been working with AI for decades

Additional SACS components include the integration of advanced sensors, a Multi-Level Security solution, and a set of Getac tablet displays in both cockpits.

These components enhance VISTA's capabilities while maintaining its rapid-prototyping advantage, specifically allowing for quick software changes to increase the frequency of flight test flights and accelerating the pace of AI and autonomy development to meet urgent national security needs.

Lockheed Martin said it has been applying and deploying trusted AI technologies to help its customers maximize performance, safety, and situational awareness across all domains for decades.

Lockheed Martin said its implementations keep people in control while enabling them to be safer, more effective, and better able to focus on higher-level tasks by empowering them to make more informed decisions quickly.

VISTA will continue to serve an integral role in the rapid development of AI and autonomy capabilities for U.S. Air Force. It is currently undergoing a series of routine inspections. Flights will resume at Edwards Air Force Base throughout 2023.

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Lockheed Martin

THe VISTA X-62A is a modifed F-16D Block 30 Peace Marble Il aircraft.

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